The Adidas Americana was released in 1971, and was designed as the official sneaker of the ABA. The American Basketball Association (ABA) was founded in 1967, and operated until 1976, when it merged with the NBA; the ABA is now defunct. The ABA included the following teams: San Antonio Spurs, Indiana Pacers, New York Nets, San Diego Conquistadors, Louisiana Buccaneers, Minnesota Muskies, and Los Angeles Stars. The ABA featured star basketball players like: Julius Erving, Charlie Scott, Spencer Haywood, Rick Barry and Mel Daniels.
The American was released as both a standard (low cut) sneaker and a hi-top sneaker. The Americana was, by standard, released in a red, white and blue colourway; shown above/right. Traditionally the Americana was manufactured with: a textile and leather upper; suede overlay toe guard; herringbone patterned rubber outsole; and a sword shape heel. The Americana was replaced by the Adidas 'Top Ten' hi-top sneaker in 1979.
Present day, the Americana is part of the Originals range of Adidas sneakers: it has been released in a suede upper (shown above) and has been modified to become a skate shoe. The modern Americana skate shoe has been released in a low cut and a vulc version. The Americana is marketed as a shoe for the 'West Coast' skate and surf culture, and attempts to blend Southern California styles and colours into it's design.
The modern Americana skate shoe features: durable suede upper to protect against scuffs and blowouts; sockliner that moulds to the foot of the wearer; vulcanised outsole made from rubber; and the outsole has a vector traction grip that aims to provide grip for multiple directions.